Chhath Puja: Celebrating The Sun God And Renewal

Chhath Puja, an ancient Hindu festival predominantly observed in the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and parts of Nepal, holds deep cultural and spiritual significance. This four-day festival reveres the sun god, Surya, and his wife, Usha, celebrating their life-nurturing energies.

The festival occurs on the sixth day of the Hindu lunar month of Kartika (October-November) and symbolizes gratitude towards the sun for sustaining life on Earth. The sun’s energy is acknowledged as vital for crops, prosperity, and well-being.

Rituals and Practices:

Nahai Khai: The first day involves a ritualistic bath, where devotees, mainly women, clean themselves and their surroundings before starting the fasting period.

Kharna: On the second day, devotees observe a strict fast without water from sunrise to sunset. They break this fast after making offerings of kheer (sweet rice) and fruits at sunset.

Sandhya Arghya (Evening Offerings): The third day marks the main day of Chhath Puja. Devotees offer prayers to the setting sun, standing in waist-deep water, and present ‘Arghya’ (offerings) of fruits, sugarcane, and lighted lamps to the sun.

Usha Arghya (Morning Offerings): On the fourth day, devotees return to the riverbank before sunrise to offer prayers and ‘Arghya’ to the rising sun, concluding the festival.


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