Two journalists Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov from the Philippines and Russia respectively won the Noble Peace Prize after 86-years when German Carl von Ossietzky received Noble Prize in 1935 for revealing his country’s secret post-war rearmament programme. They were awarded for, “their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace.”
Here is all you need to know about Ressa and Muratov:
Maria Ressa: She is a 58-years-old journalist who is the first Noble Laureate in any field from the Philippines. She is the co-founder of Rappler, a digital media portal which has established in 2012. The organisation has grown prominent through investigative reporting, including large scale killings during a police campaign against drugs. A lawsuit was also filed against Ressa for a critical report against President Rodrigo Duterte, which was later dismissed. She was also named Time Magazine Person of the Year in 2018 for fighting media intimidation, which raised international concern about media harassment in the Philippines.
Dmitry Muratov: A 59-years-old journalist who is also the first Russian to win a peace prize since Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in 1990. Muratov is a co-founder of Novaya Gazeta, a Russian newspaper. Gorbachev was also a journalist associated with Novaya Gazeta, he contributed some of his Nobel prize money to help set up the paper. The newspaper is prominent for its reporting on being critical to the government and covers sensitive issues like human rights violations. Muratov has faced harsh ambience in recent years, for scrutinising Vladimir Putin’s regime, the current Russian President and he was also forced to register himself as the agent of the state. He has various awards and honours for his contribution to the field of journalism.