Many parts of India are currently seeing a rise in dengue cases, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, being one of the worst-hit states. Over 14,000 dengue cases and four deaths were reported across India till July this year, according to data published by National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP).
Dengue is caused by the dengue virus (DENV, 1–4 serotypes) which is transmitted by the female Aedes aegypti mosquito. These mosquitoes usually bite humans during the day.
Since dengue is caused by mosquito bites, hence, it is essential to prevent oneself from mosquito bites. Here are some methods through which you can avoid mosquito bites:
Use mosquito repellants to prevent mosquito bites.
A mosquito net should be used while sleeping in the daytime.
Wear full sleeve dresses and long trousers to avoid mosquito bites.
Doors and windows must be covered with nets to prevent the entry of mosquitoes in the house.
Stagnant water is the best breeding ground for mosquitoes, hence one should ensure that water is not collected in cooler, buckets, automobile tires, containers, flower pots, animal watering vessels, etc. Hence, water should be removed from these places at least once a week.
Pesticide or larvicide can be used in containers to prevent mosquito breeding. A thin film of Kerosene can also serve the purpose.
Also, water containers must be covered with lids
People having dengue must be well protected from mosquito bites, as they can transmit the disease to others.
NewsMobile spoke to Dr. Sujeet Kumar, Deptt of Kayachikitsa, Govt. of Ayurvedic College, Patna, who said, “The incubation period of the disease is 3-14 days and those suffering from dengue will have weakness, headache, pain in muscle and joints, rashes, vomiting apart from having fever. The fatality rate of the disease is low, however, many people suffer from dengue hemorrhagic fever, in which a person suffers sudden fever along with vomiting, bleeding and abdominal pain. This can lead to circulatory failure and can prove fatal in many cases.”
He also informed that it is essential to keep a check on the platelet count of a dengue patient. If the platelet count goes below 40000, then it is an alarming situation and needs immediate hospitalization.
Dr Kumar also suggested, “Platelet counts in many people suffering from dengue decrease, so one must ensure to intake diets rich in nutrients. Fruits like pomegranates, papaya must be taken along with citric fruits like lemon and oranges which are rich in Vitamin C. Extracts from papaya leaf can also be consumed to increase the platelet count. One should also ensure to drink lots of fluids to prevent dehydration.”
Dr Kumar warned against taking aspirin or ibuprofen. He said, “People should take paracetamol to reduce fever and pain and should refrain from taking aspirin and ibuprofen. A person who has dengue should have to be given symptomatic focussed treatment and they should also ensure proper rest.”