Things To Know About Multi-System Inflammatory Syndrome In Children Post COVID-19

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Over 170 children in Delhi-NCR have been diagnosed with Multi-System Inflammatory Syndrome (MIS-C) post COVID-19. While Delhi alone reported 109 cases of MIS-C syndrome in children post COVID-19, 68 other cases were reported in Gurugram and Faridabad, as per an India Today report.

According to the data by the Indian Academy of Paediatrics Intensive Care Chapter, in the first wave of COVID-19, more than 2,000 cases of MIS-C have been reported in the country.

Reportedly, the age group of children contracting the disease is from 6 months to 15 years. The maximum cases, however, are being reported between the age group of 5 and 15.

What is Multi-System Inflammatory Syndrome (MIS-C)?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a condition where different body parts can become inflamed, including the heart, lungs, kidneys, brain, skin, eyes, or gastrointestinal organs.

What are the symptoms of MIS-C?

The symptoms of the condition include fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, neck pain, rash, bloodshot eyes, and feeling extra tired, as per CDC. Trouble breathing, bluish discolouration of skin and nails, severe abdominal pain are some serious signs of the disease.

Treatment for MIS-C

MIS-C can be serious, even deadly, but most children who were diagnosed with this condition have gotten better with medical care, says CDC.  

Experts say that this syndrome is curable if it’s diagnosed early. Dr. Gunjan Kela, HoD pediatrics, Department at SAIMS told Times of India, “This syndrome can affect different body parts including lungs, nervous system, and heart. But, it is curable and can have the least impact if early diagnosed.”

Doctors may do tests to look for inflammation or other signs of disease blood tests. These tests may include blood tests, chest x-rays, heart ultrasounds, or abdominal ultrasounds.

Doctors may provide supportive care for symptoms (medicine and/or fluids to make your child feel better) and may use various medicines to treat inflammation. Most children who become ill with MIS-C will need to be treated in the hospital. Some will need to be treated in the pediatric intensive care unit (ICU), as per CDC.

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