Jallianwala Bagh Massacre: 102 Years Since The Tragedy That Fueled India’s Freedom Struggle

Jallianwala Bagh (File Image)

The Jallianwala Bagh tragedy is one of the most unfortunate realities that clouds Indian history. It brings forth the atrocities that the British levied on Indians during their reign here.

Hundreds of people were killed when British troops under Brig-Gen Reginald Dyer’s command fired on a crowd of unarmed Indians at Amritsar’s Jallianwala Bagh on April 13, 1919.

Jallianwala Bagh shootout: What had happened

A hundred years ago, British appointed Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, who commanded a regiment of 50 Gurkha and Baluchi riflemen, ordered firing upon an unarmed, innocent crowd that had gathered in a garden area called the Jallianwala Bagh, near the Golden Temple in Amritsar, as per official records.

He did not warn them. The crowd would have been an approx. 15,000 Indians. He ordered his troops to open fire. As the Bagh or garden had only one narrow entrance and exit, people could not escape and either died due to the firing or by jumping in the water tank in the vicinity. The official numbers of dead were 379 with about 1,200 wounded.

Meanwhile, the Jallianwala Bagh became a key point in the history of India’s independence struggle. The monument still contains the holes that the bullets had made during the open fire on commands of Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer.

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