Post Covid Complications Arise As Multiple Cases Of ‘Black Fungus’ & ‘PIMS’ Discovered In India

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Just when the world thought, we have got an edge over Coronavirus, many cases of Covid  interlinked diseases have surfaced in India and has cautioned the researchers and health care workers.

Recently, Delhi’s  Sir Gangaram hospital has reported around 13 cases of a fungal infection in patients that is triggered by COVID-19. Doctors from Sir Ganga Ram Hospital have said the infection has caused the loss of eyesight, removal of the nose and jaw bone and five people have died due to this infection. 

This infection is also called a ‘ black fungus’ infection and  has been identified as Mucormycosis that occurs when you have a weakened immunity due to illness or health condition, which happens when one tests positive for Covid-19.

Earlier, many reports have suggested that other states including Mumbai and Ahmedabad have also reported cases of the infection and they are commonly seen in Covid-19 recovered patients with comorbidities such as diabetes, or kidney/heart disease or cancer.

This issue was recently raised during a press conference on Covid condition in India, to which  Dr VK Paul, NITI Aayog said, “This is a devastating disease, and the cure is not easy. We need to be cautious. This could be a mild disease but can also take a serious turn. This was there in the absence of Covid-19 as well.”

 Rajasthan CM Ashok Gehlot tweeted about the disease and requested people to stay alert. 

“According to experts, there has been an increased risk of Mucormycosis disease among people who have recovered from Kovid-19, which has led to many deaths. In this disease, there is a risk of damage to many organs of the body including the brain. An alert for the disease has been issued in Mumbai and Ahmedabad,” the Rajasthan CM said in a tweet.

What is Mucormycosis?

Mucormycosis is an uncommon infection, which is caused by mold from the family called Mucorales. This fungus is present everywhere – in the atmosphere, ecosystem, soil, etc. The infection occurs mostly by inhalation where it enters the sinuses and the lungs or it can enter the body if a person has a burn, cut or abrasion on the skin. 

This fungal infection has always been around but has gained a lot of attention because of COVID-19 because (immunocompromised people) with co-morbidities and lesser immunity are contracting it rapidly.

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Though this disease is not contagious, but the fungal spores are present everywhere,  so immunocompetent patients (a person who has a healthy immune system) are not affected by them.

This disease can be lethal as it is Angioinvasive which means that it affects the blood vessels, it causes necrosis of the tissue and the blood supply does not reach the tissues.

 After which the patient can have an aggressive infection, for which they would require treatment with an antifungal and/or surgical debridement, which can give rise to loss of tissue or an organ and also has a high mortality rate.

It is not just adults who are battling post-Covid complications now, but also children, in some other reports it has been discovered that Covid is also affecting children differently, as many suffered through Paediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome (PIMS).

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