International Human Rights Day is observed on December 10. It was the day when the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in December 1948.
• This day has been celebrated ever since the day the UN adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948.
• For the first time, 48 countries celebrated this day with the UN General Assembly.
• In 1950, the General Assembly passed resolution 423 (v) and urged all countries to adopt it.
• In December 1993, it was announced by UNGA to celebrate it annually.
What are Human Rights?
National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)
Human rights law came into existence in India from September 28, 1993. This Commission has made its recommendations to the Government to protect the rights of ordinary citizens, children, women, elderly human rights, and people of the LGBT community in the country. The Government has also implemented appropriate amendments in the Constitution, following several recommendations made by NHRC.
The theme of this year is ‘Recover Better – Stand Up For Human Rights’. Human Rights Day is an opportunity to reaffirm the importance of human rights in re-building the world we want, with global solidarity, interconnectedness and shared humanity.
Basic Human Rights
According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, here are the basic rights available to everyone:
- Right to life
- Right to liberty
- Right to security of people
- Right to be free from slavery
- Right to be free from involuntary servitude
- Right to be free from torture
- Right to be free from cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment
- Right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law
- Right to equal protection of the law
- Right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law
- Right to not be subject to arbitrary arrest, detention, or exile
- Right to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal
- Right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which one has had all the guarantees necessary for one’s defense
- Right to be free from arbitrary interference with one’s privacy, family, home, or correspondence
- Right to be free from attacks upon one’s honor and reputation
- Right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks upon’s one’s privacy, honor, or reputation
- Right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state
- Right to leave any country, including one’s own
- Right to return to one’s country
- Right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution
- Right to a nationality
- Right to change one’s nationality
- Right to marry
- Right to find a family
- Right to free and full consent in choosing one’s spouse
- Right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion
- Right to freedom of opinion and expression