Humans are entitled to rights such as freedom from torture, freedom of expression, and the right to seek asylum, but the violations of these rights are evident in our day-to-day lives. The presence of social media has exposed human rights fissures across the world. Pseudo democratic power and increase in autocracy are creating even greater disparities and placing legitimate rights on the back burner.
In order to shorten the horizon of gross violations, Human Rights Day is observed every year on 10 December — the day the United Nations General Assembly adopted, in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human rights (UDHR). It proclaims the inalienable rights to which everyone is entitled as a human being – regardless of race, color, religion, sex, language, political or other opinions, national or social origin, property, birth, or another status.
The day aims to end discrimination of any kind, address inequalities, encourage solidarity, and also to promote sustainable development.
Look Back At Human Rights Violations In The World
Extra-Judicial Killing in Uttar Pradesh
According to a report by the Human Rights Watch, After the BJP formed the government in Uttar Pradesh state, 63 people died in alleged extrajudicial killings by state police between March 2017 and August 2018. The National Human Rights Commission and the Supreme Court sought responses from the state government. The killings in Uttar Pradesh highlighted the lack of accountability for police abuses and the need for police reforms.
The killing of gangster Vikas Dubey by the Uttar Pradesh Police on July 10, 2020, is a chilling reminder of Chief Minister Adityanath’s threat in a July 2017 televised interview. “Agar apradh karenge, toh thok diye jayenge,” Adityanath said. If they commit a crime, they will be hit.
Human Rights Violation of Uyghur Muslims
During a hearing before the House of Commons human-rights subcommittee, several experts called out China for human rights violations in Xinjiang where Beijing has locked up millions of Uyghurs. Many experts have called this act systematic destruction of Uyghur identity, history, religion, culture, language; use of concentration camps, termed as re-education camps; use of prisoners to harvest organs and use of prisoners to make beauty products.
China has also faced allegations of children being sent to state-run orphanages. With high-tech 24/7 surveillance, China has virtually converted the entire province into a prison.
Several Islamic countries including Pakistan and Iran have not criticized China for its actions in Xinjiang.
The justice system remained plagued by unfair trials and torture and other ill-treatment in detention. China still classified information on its extensive use of the death penalty as a state secret.
George Floyd’s Demise
On May 25, 2020, George Floyd, a 46-year-old black man, was killed in Minneapolis, Minnesota while being arrested for allegedly using a counterfeit bill. During the arrest, Derek Chauvin, a white police officer with the Minneapolis Police Department, knelt on Floyd’s neck for about nine and a half minutes after he was already handcuffed and lying face down.
The incident convulsed the entire world, for the first time since the creation of the Human Rights Council, a resolution was passed focusing on a case in the USA. The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) on Friday adopted a resolution strongly condemning the continuing racially discriminatory and violent practices perpetrated by law enforcement agencies against Africans and people of African descent.