New Delhi: Constitution Day in India is celebrated every year on 26th of November as the constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on this day in the year 1949 and came into force on January 26, 1950.
Considered as one of the most exhaustive document in the world, the Indian Constitution highlights the sovereign, socialist and secular nature of the country. It assures its citizens of justice, equality, and liberty.
So, how well do you know about the Indian Constitution? NewsMobile has gathered some facts on the Indian Constitution you should not miss.
- The Constitution of India was not typeset or printed but was handwritten and calligraphed in both English and Hindi.
- The original copies of the Constitution of India are kept in special helium-filled cases in the Library of the Parliament of India.
- The Constituent Assembly consisted of 385 members, of which 292 were elected by the elected members of the Provincial Legislative Assemblies while 93 members were nominated by the Princely States. To these were to be added a representative each from the four Chief Commissioners Provinces of Delhi, Ajmer-Marwar, Coorg and British Baluchistan.
- The Constitution of India contains 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 98 amendments.
- The Constituent Assembly took almost three years (two years, eleven months and seventeen days) to complete the historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India.
- The Constituent Assembly met for the first time in New Delhi on December 9, 1946 in the Constitution Hall, which is now known as the Central Hall of Parliament House.
- The Constitution was passed and accepted on Nov 26, 1949. The session of the Assembly was held on Jan 24, 1950, which unanimously elected Dr Rajendra Prasad as the President of India.
- The Indian Constitution starts with the preamble which outlines the main objectives of the Constitution. Idea of preamble was borrowed from Constitution of US.
- The idea of the suspension of Fundamental Rights during the emergency was taken from Weimar Constitution of Germany.
- The concepts of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity were taken from the French constitution and the concept of five year plans was taken from the USSR. The Directive principles were taken from Ireland. The law on which the Supreme Court functions was taken from Japan.
- It is the longest written constitution of any independent country in the world.