November 11 is celebrated as the Nation Education day in India as the date marks the birth anniversary of India’s first Union Minister of Education, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
He was India’s first Vice President and also the first education minister of independent India from 1947 to 1958.
Azad believed that education was for one and all. He was responsible for setting up of apex bodies such as AICTE and UGC. IITs, IISc and School of Architecture.
On his birth anniversary, here are some interesting facts about Maulana Abul Kalam Azad:
- Abul Kalam Azad’s real name was Ghulam Muhiyuddin who eventually became known as Maulana Azad.
- Azad wrote documents on religion and philosophy. He also composed poetry in Urdu language.
- Azad became popular through his work as a journalist, publishing works critical of the British Raj and supporting the causes of Indian nationalism.
- Azad became the youngest person to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress at the age of 35 in 1923.
- He became the leader of the ‘Khilafat Movement’ (1919-26), during which, he came into close contact with the Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi.
- Azad became an enthusiastic supporter of Gandhi’s ideas of non-violent civil disobedience and worked to organize the non-cooperation movement in protest of the 1919 Rowlatt Acts.
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