Dateline Ayodhya: All you need to know about the temple town

Uttar Pradesh, Aug 04 (ANI): Entrance gate of Hanuman Gadhi temple ahead of the preparation of foundation laying ceremony of Ram temple, in Ayodhya on Tuesday. (ANI Photo)

As all eyes remain fixed on Ayodhya for the historic bhoomi pujan ceremony of the long awaited Ram Mandir, we go back in time to tell you how Ayodhya evolved into the temple town of today.

Located along the banks of river Ghaghra in central Uttar Pradesh, Ayodhya is believed to be the birthplace of Lord Ram and the setting for the epic Ramayana

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5th Century BC

According to poet Valmiki’s epic Ramayana, Ayodhya was the capital of the Hindu kingdom of Kosala or Kaushal which was the court of King Dassharatha

120 AD

Emperor Kanishka Saketa made Ayodhya the nerve centre for his administrative functions with regards to his eastern territories. This is why Ayodhya is also known as Saketa

636 AD

Chinese traveller Xuangzang, who visited Ayodhya when it was a part of King Harsha’s empire, described a stupa and a monastery built by kings of Gupta dynasty at Ayodhya

1226 AD

Ayodhya by this time was the capital of the Awadh province governed by Delhi sultanate

1528 AD

Babri Masjid built at the site believed to be the birthplace of Lord Ram. As per inscriptions, the mosque was built by Mir Baqi who was possibly serving under Mughal emperor Babur


First recorded instance of religious clashes at the site


Idols of Lord Ram appear inside the mosque triggering loud protest by Muslims. Both parties approach Court. Government declares the site disputed


Hindus form a committee to build Ram Mandir

Jharkhand, Aug 02 (ANI): Tribal women decorating the floor with diyas by writing the word Ram for the auspicious day coming up of inauguration of Ayodhya Ram Mandir at Ayodhya which will be done by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 5th August, in Ranchi on Sunday. (ANI Photo)


Muslims set up Babri Mosque Action Committee protesting orders of a District Judge asking for opening of mosque gates and allowing Hindus to worship at the site


Vishwa Hindu Parishad lays foundation stone of the Ram Mandir on a patch of land adjacent to Babri Masjid


BJP president L K Advani takes part in Ram Rath Yatra


Babri Masjid is demolished

Liberhan Commission is set up


Allahabad High Court rules the land should be split


Supreme Court suspends suspends Allahabad HC ruling


SC proposes out-of-court settlement


SC refers case for mediation

Mediation fails

SC begins day-to-day hearings

SC delivers verdict paving the way for construction of Ram Temple at Ayodhya, orders government to provide five acre land to Muslims for erecting a mosque


Bhoomi pujan at the Ram Mandir site

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