Sino-India ties down the years

Ladakh: File picture of Indian Army vehicles moving towards Leh. (ANI Photo)

The violent skirmish between the Indian Army and the Chinese troops at Galwan Valley on the disputed stretch of the Line of Actual Control in eastern Ladakh has turned out to be one of the biggest flash points in bilateral relations. Though China has refrained from putting out casualty figures, reports suggest at least 43 PLA soldiers were killed in the skirmish which also claimed the lives of 20 Indian soldiers including a Colonel who was commanding the unit.

India’s Ministry of External affairs has accused China of breaking an agreement arrived at last week to respect the previous LAC in the Galwan Valley. The skirmish happened as the Chinese side tried to unilaterally change the status quo there. China on its part however pinned the blame on India for provoking and attacking Chinese personnel leading to serious physical confrontation between border forces on the two sides.

ALSO READ: LIVE India-China stand-off | Loss of soldiers in Galwan is deeply disturbing and painful: Rajnath

Indian and Chinese troops have disengaged at the Galwan area where the violent face-off broke out.

We piece together a timeline of Sino-India relations to put the story in perspective:


June 15-16 (intervening night): Violent clash between Indian Army and People’s Liberation Army at Galwan Valley leading to death of 43 Chinese soldiers and 20 Indian soldiers

June 15: India and China hold diplomatic level talks to de-escalate the military stand-off at Galwan Valley on the LAC in Ladakh

May 28: MEA says it will resolve the border stand-off with China peacefully through dialogue

May 27: US President Donald Trump extends offer to mediate

May 18: India backs 62 other nations demanding a probe into origin of Covid-19, puts China under scanner

April: In a near Doklam-like situation, India and China engage in major border stand-off at the LAC in Ladakh


October: Chinese President Xi Jinping visits Mamallapuram in Tamil Nadu for an informal summit with Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Two leaders discuss ways to foster bilateral ties


April: Following Doklam stand-off and India’s refusal to join hands with China for the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), PM Modi visits China for his first informal summit with President Xi Jinping at Wuhan

ALSO READ: Over 40 Chinese soldiers killed in violent face-off, 20 Indian soldiers martyred in biggest Sino-India clash


June: India becomes full-member of the Shanghai Cooperation Council (SCO) along with China’s ally Pakistan

Indian Army,People's Liberation Army, India, China, Doklam, iJourno, Aditya Prakash Arya
File photo

June: 73-day border stand-off between India and China over China’s construction of a road in Doklam grabs headlines. Both sides disengage and withdraw forces in August

May: India snubs China’s invite to attend the Beijing BRI summit


October: Meeting between PM Modi and President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of  Goa BRICS Summit


January: US president Barack Obama visits India on Republic Day as the Chief Guest. Following a long meeting with PM Modi, India and United States issue a joint statement highlighting shared concerns about Chinese expansion in the South China Sea


September: Tension escalates between India and China as Chinese troops reportedly enter 2 kilometres inside the LAC in Chumar sector

July: PM Modi meets President Xi for the first time along the sidelines of the BRICS summit in Brazil


April: A three week stand-off between Indian and Chinese forces reported from Depsang Plain in Eastern Ladakh. PLA soldiers cross into Indian territory and pitch tents to assert territorial control


October: China objects to PM Manmohan Singh’s visit to Arunachal Pradesh


July: Nathu La pass between Sikkim and Tibet is reopened for trade after 44 years


Sino-India tensions over status of Tibet and Sikkim de-escalate after PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s visit to China


March: India and China agree in Beijing to accelerate the pace of LAC delineation and resolve border disputes


April: India and China commemorate 50 years of bilateral diplomatic ties

January 31: PLA builds a permanent road network and sets up bunkers 5 km in the Indian side of the LAC in Aksai Chin area of Ladakh

January 14: India officially communicates to China that 17th Karmapa has arrived in Dharamshala but has not been granted refugee status

Bihar, Jan 05 (ANI): Tibetan Spiritual leader the Dalai Lama greets devotees at the Teaching Session at Kalachakra Ground in Bodhgaya on Sunday. (ANI Photo)

January 11: China warns India giving political asylum to Karmapa would violate five principles of peaceful co-existence between the two nations

January 7: 17th Karmapa leaves China and arrives in Dharamshala in Himachal Pradesh to join the Dalai Lama


June: China takes neutral stand vis-a-vis Kargil and agrees to establish a security mechanism with India


May 14: China condemns India’s second nuclear test in Pokhran


August: Indian and Chinese authorities agree to withdraw troops on the Sumdorong Chu Valley, epicenter of 1987 border clashes


September: PM PV Narasimha Rao visits China and both sides sign an agreement on Border Peace and Tranquility


Chinese premier Li Peng leaves India after a landmark tour, the first by a Chinese diplomat in over thirty years


Beijing red flags India’s decision to make Arunachal Pradesh a state


April: India and China restore full diplomatic ties after a 15-year break


October: Chinese misadventure comes to fore, forces cross over into Arunachal Pradesh’s Tulung La and ambush a patrol of Assam Rifles jawans, killing four

April: China condemns Sikkim’s amalgamation with India


May: China takes strong exception to India’s first nuclear test in Pokhran


Indian and Chinese troops clash at Nathu La. At least 80 Indian and 400 Chinese soldiers killed


October-November: Sino-India border war erupts over disputed Aksai Chin and border areas in Arunachal Pradesh. The war results in 722 Indian and 1,383 Chinese casualties


April 19: PM Jawaharlal Nehru and Chinese premier Zhou Enlai hold a meeting to address boundary questions. Meeting outcome inconclusive


China refuses to accept McMahon Line, with Chinese premier Zhou Enlai claiming that Beijing was not a signatory to the 1842 British India and China peace treaty

January: Chinese premier Zhou Enlai stakes claim to over 40,000 sq miles of Indian territory in Ladakh and North-East Frontier Agency


May 15: PM Jawaharlal Nehru and Chinese premier sign Panchsheel Pact outlining five principles of peaceful co-existence



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