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Everything you need to know about Lok Sabha Elections 2019

Lok Sabha Elections are almost here and in the next couple of months, we will get to choose our leaders for the next five years.

It’s the world’s biggest festival of democracy. So it is important to understand what is the process and how is it done?

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Our country is a democracy – a system of government where the citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives by voting to form a governing body, like a parliament. It is also referred to as ‘rule of the majority’. In this system, power cannot be inherited.

How are the leaders selected?

On election day, traditionally, voters used to receive a ballot paper (to vote in secret) with a list of candidates. But as time changed and technology improved, our method of voting changed too.

Over the last few elections, the electronic voting machines (EVMs) are used instead to avoid foul play. In this, the voter has to press the blue button against the name and party symbol of the candidate of the voter’s choice.

When the candidate button is pressed, the red lamp glows against the chosen name and symbol of that candidate along with a beep sound, thus registering the vote.

Once, the voter has cast their vote the Polling Officer will mark their left forefinger with a spot of indelible ink to make sure they cannot cast the vote again. The candidate who receives the most votes wins. This method is called first-past-the-post (FPTP).

Interesting facts about the Lok Sabha elections 2019:

  • World’s largest democracy goes for vote: Chief Election Commissioner Sunil Arora announced that total of 900 million, or 90 crore voters have been listed, who can cast their votes in the Lok Sabha Elections 2019.
  • World’s costliest elections: Last General Elections were held in 2014 when $5 billion was spent by the Govt and Election Commission. In 2016, in the US Presidential elections, a total of $6.5 billion was spent. Expenditure this year will easily surpass all previous elections expenditure.
  • Candidates will need to advertise their crimes: For the first time ever in India, Election Commission has stated that candidates with criminal records will need to advertise their crimes. Any candidate who as a criminal record will need to place advertisements in TV and newspapers, about their crimes, and that too, three times before the election starts.

The General Elections 2019 to constitute the 17th Lok Sabha:

Dates: April 11 to May 19

Counting: May 23

Results: May 23


The process is conducted in seven phases

Phase 1 – April 11 – in 91 Constituencies

Phase 2 – April 18 – in 97 Constituencies

Phase 3 – April 23 – in 115 Constituencies

Phase 4 – April 29 – in 71 Constituencies

Phase 5 – May 6 – in 51 Constituencies

Phase 6 – May 12 – in 59 Constituencies

Phase 7 – May 19 – in 59 Constituencies

Can you vote?

  • Are you an Indian citizen?
  • Are you 18 years or above?
  • Are you a resident of a polling area of the Constituency?
  • Do you have a valid voter identification card issued by the Election Commission of India?

If your answers are yes, then you are eligible to vote.

How to check if your name is on voter list

  • Go to the National Voter Services Portal’s (NVSP) Electoral Search page.
  • Here you can search for your name on the voter list by two methods — manually entering all of your details or simply by entering your Electoral Photo ID Card (EPIC) number. The EPIC number is mentioned in bold letters on your voter identity card.


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