In today’s fast paced world, there are enough times when a child is alone, without the supervision of an adult. Unfortunately, these can also be trying times, especially if a child gets hurt. As a parent, empower your child to handle themselves with first aid, when you are not around. Teach them a few basic first aid skills, and they’ll be empowered to help themselves in emergencies.
A look at some basics which children should know.
Emergency numbers – It’s one of the simplest and most important lessons you’ll ever share! As soon as kids can recognize numbers, get them to learn a few emergency help numbers, other than your own.
The child should be able to communicate to the person on the line, his name, address and the reason for the call.
Using a first aid kit – Go over the location and contents of a home first aid kit with your kids. Explain each item and purpose. Have your children handle the items and use them in a demonstration.
Cuts and Scrapes – If there’s bleeding, first press firmly with a clean cloth until it stops. Clean under lukewarm running water and gently pat dry. When a wound is dirty or was caused by an animal scratch, rinse it with water and soap.
If the skin is broken, apply a thin layer of cream before an adult can take over. You can also take out ice from the fridge, wrap it in a clean cloth and use it over the cut.
Burns – Immediately hold under cool running water or apply a cold, wet towel until the pain subsides. Cover any small blisters with a loose bandage or gauze and tape.
Nosebleed – Tell the child to sit upright without tilting the head forward. Apply a cold pack/ice at home.
Splinter or Glass – Use soap and water to wash around the splinter. Clean a pair of tweezers with antiseptic and slowly pull the splinter out (if possible else wait for an adult). Wash the skin again.
Controlling bleeding – Teach your children to apply direct pressure to a wound by covering it with a gauze pad, paper towel, clean cloth or article of clothing (depending on the size of the cut). Tell them to cover the wound and apply continuous direct pressure until the bleeding stops or help arrives.
Broken bones – If your child is with someone who breaks a bone, she can help by calling for help from an adult or sending someone to call for help, asking where it hurts and telling the person to keep the injured part still.
“Stop, Drop and Roll” – is used when clothing catches fire. Have them
* Stop where they are.
* Drop to the ground and cover their faces with their hands.
* Roll over and over and back and forth until the flames are out.
* Get help from a grown-up who will cool the burn and get medical help.
Insect Bite or Sting – gently scrape the skin with your fingernail or a steel key/instrument. For itching, hold a cold compress over the area for a minute and apply any antiseptic cream available in the first aid kit.
Arming your child with first aid knowledge is one of the best gifts you can ever give. Empower them with responsibility to handle situations rather than panic and fret.