Here’s how the Indian President is elected

President, Pranab Mukherjee, Meira Kumar, Ram Nath Kovind, India
Here's how the Indian President is elected

New Delhi: The D-Day for Indian President is here as Legislators and parliamentarians will vote to elect India’s next president on Monday.

NDA’s nominee Ram Nath Kovind is in a straight fight with Opposition’s Meira Kumar.

The two candidates have campaigned extensively to succeed President Pranab Mukherjee whose term ends on July 24.

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71-year-old Kovind has the support of well over 60 per cent of the vote, while Meira Kumar has the support of 17 parties. Nitish Kumar’s Janata Dal United has decided to back Mr Kovind, a decision that has led to fissures in the Opposition ranks.

Here’s how the Indian President is elected:

Who chooses the President

The President of India is chosen by the Electoral College, which consists of 4,896 members – 543 Members of Lok Sabha, Members of Rajya Sabha (233) and total members of State Assemblies (4120).

Who cannot vote

While the Lok Sabha Speaker, an elected member, can vote, the two nominated members in the Lower House from the Anglo-Indian community cannot. Twelve nominated members in Rajya Sabha are also ineligible, news agency Press Trust of India reported.

How voting takes place

Voting for the Presidential elections is however different from other elections. Each MP and MLA vote has a certain value attached to it. And this value differs from state to state. While an Uttar Pradesh legislator’s vote has a value of 208, the value of votes of their counterparts in Arunachal Pradesh is just 8. Same goes for Parliamentarians.

The total value of votes in the Presidential elections is 10,98,903 – 5,49,408 for MPs and 5,49,495 for MLAs. A candidate needs to secure 50% of the valid votes polled +1.

The counting of votes will take place on July 20th in the national capital.


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