New Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra ModiÂ on WednesdayÂ launched Micro Units Development Refinance Agency (MUDRA) Bank under Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana.
This will provide credit of up to Rs 10 lakh to small entrepreneurs and act as a regulator for ‘Micro-Finance Institutions’ (MFIs).
“Big industrial houses provide jobs to only 1.25 crore people, while small entrepreneurs employ 12 crore people. MUDRA Bank aims to fund the unfunded small entrepreneurs; need to strengthen savings habit in the country,” Modi said.
“Farmers are going through various problems due to seasonal calamities. We have told banks and insurance companies to provide help,” he added.
The roles envisaged for MUDRA include laying down policy guidelines for micro enterprise financing business and registration of MFI entities as well as their accreditation and rating.
There are about 5.77 crore small business units. It will also lay down “responsible financing practices” to ward off over indebtedness and ensure proper client protection principles and methods of recovery, besides development of standardised set of covenants governing last mile lending to micro enterprises.
“Providing access to institutional finance to such micro/small business units/enterprises will not only help in improving the quality of life of these entrepreneurs but also turn them into strong instruments of GDP growth and employment generation,” the Finance Ministry said in a statement.
In his Budget speech, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley had proposed the Micro Units Development Refinance Agency (MUDRA) with a corpus of Rs 20,000 crore, and credit guarantee corpus of Rs 3,000 crore.
“The initial products and schemes under this umbrella have already been created and the interventions have been named ‘Shishu’, ‘Kishor’ and ‘Tarun’ to signify the stage of growth/development and funding needs of the beneficiary micro unit/entrepreneur,” the Ministry said.
Shishu would cover loans up to Rs 50,000 while Kishor above Rs 50,000 and up to Rs 5 lakh. Tarun category will cover loans of above Rs 5 lakh and upto Rs 10 lakh.