US online retail giant eBay unveiled plans Tuesday to spin off PayPal, aiming to help the unit compete better in the fast-moving online payments segment.
The plan, to take effect next year, comes after months of pressure led by activist investor Carl Icahn, who had assailed eBay for poor management and claimed that keeping eBay tied with PayPal depressed the value of both.
An eBay statement said that a board review concluded that “a changing competitive landscape creates enormous opportunities for eBay and PayPal” and that “separation will create sharper strategic focus” for each unit.
Company president and chief executive John Donahoe said that “for more than a decade, eBay and PayPal have mutually benefited from being part of one company,” but that the situation had now changed.
“A thorough strategic review with our board shows that keeping eBay and PayPal together beyond 2015 clearly becomes less advantageous to each business strategically and competitively,” Donahoe said.
The move comes with the online payments segment facing challenges from the likes of Apple, which has introduced a mobile payments platform using its iPhones, and newcomers such as Square.
– ‘Maximum flexibility’ –
“The pace of industry change and innovation in commerce and payments requires maximum flexibility to stay competitive and drive global leadership,” the eBay statement said.
The split will give shareholders “more targeted investment opportunities” and will increase the value of the company over the long term, the statement added.
PayPal accounted for 41 percent of eBay’s revenues last year and has more than 152 million active users.
Donahoe and chief financial officer Bob Swan will lead the transition of both businesses, the statement said. But they will not hold executive management roles in the two new companies.
The “new” eBay will be led by Devin Wenig, current president of eBay Marketplaces.
The independent PayPal will be headed by Dan Schulman, who comes from American Express after holding top jobs at AT&T, Priceline.com, and Virgin Mobile.
Icahn said the decision was long overdue.
“We are happy that eBay’s board and management have acted responsibly concerning the separation — perhaps a little later than they should have, but earlier than we expected,” he said in a statement.
“It is almost a ‘no brainer’ that these companies should be separated to increase the value of these great assets and thus to meaningfully enhance value for all shareholders.”
Icahn also said that the payments sector needs “consolidation” — either through acquisitions by PayPal or by merging it with “another strong player in the industry.”
– Stronger apart –
eBay acquired PayPal in 2002 for roughly $1.5 billion in shares, integrating the payment service that had already been widely used for online auctions.
PayPal over the years has expanded beyond a simple payment mechanism for eBay auctions.
According to eBay, PayPal facilitates one in every six dollars spent online today, or some $203 billion over the past 12 months.
And PayPal has moved into mobile payments with the acquisition of the payment processing group Braintree, boosting its own mobile platform called OneTouch.
After the announcement, eBay shares leapt 7.5 percent to close at $56.63, and analysts reacted positively.
Forrester Research’s Denee Carrington said the plan makes sense because PayPal had “outgrown” eBay.
“The payments landscape is hyper-competitive, the pace of change is accelerating and everyone is gunning for PayPal,” Carrington said.
“The split will give PayPal greater agility to help it achieve its full potential.”
Shebly Seyrafi, analyst at FBN Securities, said the split “could be a positive development for eBay as it creates more focused entities and as it allows investors to invest more directly in the faster-growing business (PayPal).”
The plan also comes with eBay facing a potential threat from Alibaba, the Chinese online retail giant which raised a record $25 billion in a stock offering to fuel global expansion plans.
The split allows eBay and PayPal “to focus on their core businesses and respond to the competitive threats emerging from Apple and its new mobile payment mechanism,” said analysts at the research firm IbisWorld.
Even though PayPal is a major player, “the emergence of Venmo and other digital applications introduced by commercial banks as they too try to stay relevant to the consumers’ everyday business and now Apple is likely to change fundamentally the digital payments landscape,” the analysts said.