Bangalore: Prime Minister Narendra Modi hailed India’s successful mission to Mars at Indian Space Research Organisation as Mangalayam entered the orbit, creating history on Wednesday.
We Have Gone beyond boundaries of human imagination said Modi, who was present at the research centreÂ with excited scientists.
Named the Mars Orbiter Mission or MOM, Modi clapped his way to the rostrum, where he said with a big smile, “The moment this mission was named MOM, I knew it would not disappoint. Moms never fail. We dared to reach out to the unknown.”
“History has been created today. We have achieved the near impossible. I congratulate all ISRO scientists and all my fellow Indians on this historic achievement,” Modi said, noting that India was the first country to achieve this on the first attempt.
“The odds, were stacked against us. Of the 51 missions attempted across the world so far, a mere 21 had succeeded. But we have prevailed,” he said, emphasising that this was a completely ‘Made in India’ effort.
We built it indigenously, in a pan-Indian effort, stretching from Bangalore to Bhubhaneshwar, and Faridabad to Rajkot,” the PM said, repeatedly congratulating India’s scientists for their achievement.
The success of the mission, which is designed to search for evidence of life on the Red Planet, is a huge source of national pride for India as it leaves its Asian rivals, including China, in the shade.
India now joins an elite club of the United States, Russia and Europe who can boast of reaching Mars. More than half of all missions to the planet have ended in failure, including China’s in 2011 and Japan’s in 2003.
No single nation had previously succeeded at its first go, although the European Space Agency, which represents a consortium of countries, did also pull it off at its first attempt.
Now Mangalyaan has reached Mars, the probe is expected to study the planet’s surface and scan its atmosphere for methane, which could provide evidence of some sort of life form.
Mangalyaan is carrying a camera, an imaging spectrometer, a methane sensor and two other scientific instruments.
– Cheaper than ‘Gravity’ –
At just $74 million, the mission cost is less than the estimated $100 million budget of the sci-fi blockbuster “Gravity”. That figure also represents just a fraction of NASA’s MAVEN spacecraft which successfully began orbiting the fourth planet from the sun on Sunday.
Indian engineers employed an unusual “slingshot” method for Mangalyaan’s (Hindi for Mars vehicle) interplanetary journey which began when it blasted off on November 5 last year.
Lacking enough rocket to blast directly out of Earth’s atmosphere and gravitational pull, it orbited the Earth for several weeks while building up enough velocity to break free.
Despite the complications, scientists had been increasingly confident of success and mission director M. Annadurai told AFP on Tuesday that all was going to plan.
“Everything is going on smoothly as programmed and the spacecraft’s health is normal,” said Annadurai.
Critics of the programme say a country that struggles to feed its people adequately and where roughly half have no toilets should not be splurging on space travel.
But observers say it is the perfect opportunity to showcase India’s technological prowess as well as a chance for some one-upmanship on its rival Asian superpower.
“It’s a low-cost technology demonstration,” said Pallava Bagla, who has written a book on India’s space programme.
“The rivalry between regional giants China and India exists in space too and this gives India the opportunity to inch ahead of China (and capture more of the market),” Bagla told AFP.
The decision to launch the mission was announced in a speech an Independence Day 2012, shortly after China’s attempt flopped when it failed to leave Earth’s atmosphere.
India has so far launched 40 satellites for foreign nations, since kickstarting its space programme five decades ago. But China launches bigger satellites.
The probe is expected to circle Mars for six months, about 500 kilometres (310 miles) from its surface. Its scientific instruments will collect data and send it back to Earth.
(With AFP inputs)