The air quality index in the national capital and the neighboring regions has been in the severe category for a long time now. It’s imperative that we have to think about long term solutions rather than taking damage control measures.
From stubble burning, construction activities, vehicle pollution, weather conditions to western disturbances and the geography of the region, all of these causes are collectively responsible for the toxic air the capital is breathing.
A major way we can reduce air pollution is by utilizing live remote sensing satellites which will help not only track the stubble burning cases but also can help locate illegal construction activities that take place.
The problem is that farmers have no choice but to take the short cut of burning stubble as machines are expensive, time-consuming and there is also a shortage of machinery that is used to cut the stubble. This is where the role of cooperative farming and farmer group comes in wherein they can encourage farmers to use the machines and inform them about the impact of crop burning.
It’s also necessary that the National Bio-Fuel policy is effectively implemented as it helps in converting the stubble waste into biofuels thereby helping both the farmers and enhancing the energy sector of India.
The Supreme Court on November 15th said that the center has to give a road map for the installation of air purifiers in Delhi which is also a good initiative to curb pollution however not a sustainable one as it does not attack the source of the pollution crisis.
The way forward to the pollution crisis is that long term planning and research have to be done so that the issue does not arise again and effective public transport, tree plantation drives and a collective effort to curb pollution are needed to tackle the menace.