Children’s Day or ‘Bal Diwas’, is celebrated on the 14th of November every year in India as a tribute to Jawaharlal Nehru.
November 14, marks the birth anniversary of the first Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru also called ‘Chacha Nehru’. It is celebrated across India to increase awareness of the rights, care and education of children.
Nehru is often cited as saying that children should always be carefully and lovingly nurtured, as they are the future of the nation and the citizens of tomorrow.
It is a day when students across schools enjoy various activities, participate in debates and other extra-curricular activities.
History and Significance of Children’s Day
The day celebrates children and raises awareness for their rights, care and education.
Children’s day was initially celebrated on November 20 as demarcated by the United Nations in 1954. However, after Nehru’s demise in 1964, parliament passed a resolution and decided to celebrate his birthday as Bal Diwas or Children’s Day every year.
- Education and establishment of institutes of higher education were a part of Nehru’s policy. Institutes like AIIMS, IIMs and IITs were a result of this vision. Nehru pushed for a Special Act through which the first IIT was set up in Kharagpur, West Bengal, in May, 1950.
- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru conceived the idea of ‘Bal Bhavan’. The Government has set up special institutions called Bal Bhawans to enhance the creative potential of children by providing them with various activities, opportunities and a common platform to interact, experiment, create and perform.
Children’s Day celebrations in India:
Schools in India celebrate children’s day with great enthusiasm. Chocolates, sweets and roses are distributed in some schools, while other forms of cultural programmes are organised in other.
Some NGOs also undertake donation drives, wherein toys, clothes, books etc are distributed among underprivileged children.
It is a day to let the kids be themselves and also educate them about Chacha Nehru’s work and efforts towards children development.