Shivaram Hari Rajguru was a revolutionary with Hindustan Socialist Republican Army. Chandrasekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar were members of this party and some other members whose motive was to attain freedom from British and throw British army out of India.
On Rajguru’s birthday, here are some facts about the courageous legend:
- Rajguru was born on August 24 in an average-middle class family at Khed, near Pune.
- He came to Varanasi at a very early age where he learnt Sanskrit. He was a scholar in Sanskrit and was a skilled wrestler too.
- He admired Shivaji and his guerrilla tactics.
- Chandrashekhar Azad’s fiery words, courage and deep love for India made him join Hindustan Socialist Republican Army and joined the movement with Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev.
- He was totally against nonviolent Civil Disobedience Movement. He believed in throwing out British out of India by any means.
- In February 1928, the Simon Commission arrived in India to suggest constitutional reforms. The unfair and insulting decision to not have a single Indian member in the Commission led to angry protests among India. In these protests, veteran leader Lala Lajpat Rai was killed in a brutal lathi charge by the British police. To avenge his death, the trio made a plan and Rajguru assassinated Assistant Superintendent of Police John Saunders, the British police officer responsible for the lathi charge.
- He was tried under the provisions of a regulation that was introduced in 1930 specifically for that purpose.
- Soon after, Bhagat Singh and other revolutionary, Batukeshwar Dutt, threw two bombs and leaflets inside the Central Legislative Assembly, Lahore and got arrested.
- Rajguru was convicted of the crime and was hanged along with Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev on March 23, 1931 at an early age of 23.